Eye care opticians in Enfield

Diabetes is a significant disease that can damage your eyes

There are currently more than 415 million people with diabetes worldwide and, according to leading charity Diabetes UK, 4.6 million of those live in the UK. This is 6% of the population of the UK.

Diabetes is one of the most important healthcare issues in the UK and it is estimated that by 2025 over five million people will have the condition. It is a modern world health condition which can lead to serious health issues, especially if it is not diagnosed and treated early.

In extreme cases, diabetes can prove fatal, or result in devastating complications such as blindness, if it is not detected in its early stages or is not treated effectively after diagnosis. Diabetes can also lead to other serious conditions such as heart disease, stroke, amputation, and kidney failure.

People with diabetes are up to 20 times more likely to go blind than people without it, due to a complication known as diabetic retinopathy. However, this condition can be easily detected during an eye examination and subsequently treated, which means that diabetic blindness can be prevented in 90% of cases.

The early stages of diabetic retinopathy often show no symptoms and provide no early warning signs. Even macular oedema, which can cause rapid central vision loss, may not have any warning signs for some time. As a result, it is very important to have regular comprehensive examinations of the retina for early diagnosis and monitoring. The best way to check for diabetic retinopathy is using Optomap and OCT scanning technology.

Although diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in people of working age in the UK, research has proved you can reduce your chances of developing diabetes complications – such as damage to your eyes – if you:

  • control your blood pressure, glucose, and blood fat levels
  • keep active
  • maintain your ideal body weight
  • give up smoking

The vast majority of people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes., although Type 1 diabetes is most common in young people.

Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include ageing and being overweight or obese, though as youth obesity rates rise, so do cases of early-onset Type 2 diabetes. Staying healthy through proper diet and regular exercise and weight loss can drastically decrease your chance of getting Type 2 diabetes.

People who smoke are also 30-40 percent more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes, and many people don’t even know they have diabetes. In fact, about a third of adults in the USA have prediabetes, a borderline-diabetic high blood sugar condition, but 90 percent of them don’t know it.

To book an eye examination call 020 8363 3578 or click here.

Hammond Opticians Cups